FERNANDEZ Maria Celia
Trypanosoma cruzi: Immunological predictors of benznidazole efficacy during experimental infection.
MARÍA C. FERNÁNDEZ; STELLA M. GONZÁLEZ CAPPA; MARIA E. SOLANA
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Año: 2010 vol. 124 p. 172 - 180
C3H/HeN male mice were infected with a lethal population of Trypanosoma cruzi and treated with benznidazole (Bz). Parasitemia, body weight and survival rate were registered during the therapy with significant improvement for T. cruzi-infected Bz-treated animals. Besides, flow cytometry resulted a useful method to discriminate between cured animals from those not cured by monitoring IgG1 bound to live trypomastigotes levels. At the end of Bz therapy, the LT splenocyte compartment was studied for activation/memory cell surface markers ( and ). Cytofluorometric analysis showed that T. cruzi-infected untreated mice increased their activated LT numbers and this effect was completely abolished only in cured mice at the end of Bz administration. The same behavior was observed for the memory LT subpopulation correlating to an effector memory () displayed by T. cruzi infection. Bz treatment was able to modulate the immunological response by reducing the deleterious effect of the acute phase in all T. cruzi-infected mice.