INVESTIGADORES
LAVALLEN Carla Mariela
artículos
Título:
Epidemiology and approach treatment of human cystic echinococcosis: case series
Autor/es:
DOPCHIZ M.C.; ALBANI C.; RIVA E.; ELISSONDO M.C.; LAVALLÉN C.; DENEGRI G.M.
Revista:
Revista Ibero-Latinoamericana de Parasitología
Editorial:
Universidad de Granada
Referencias:
Lugar: Granada; Año: 2011 vol. 70 p. 74 - 84
ISSN:
0718-8730
Resumen:
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonoses of worldwide distribution caused mainly by the metacestodeEchinococcus granulosus. In Argentina, its distribution reaches endemic levels. The aims of this study wereto investigate the trends in confi rmed cases of human CE recorded in “Hospital Privado de Comunidad”(HPC) in Mar del Plata city during a period of 28 years (1974-2002) and to study demographic and clinicalcharacteristics of cases together with epidemiological factors associated with the disease. Clinical recordsof operated and/or diagnosed patients were reviewed with regard to this disease. One hundred and fi fteencases (57.4% women; mean age 61.3 + 17.1 years) were included in this retrospective study, 80% of whichlived in urban areas. In 76.5% of the cases, ultrasonography was used to diagnose the disease. Hepaticlocation was the most frequently seen. Ninety point four per cent of the total diagnosed CE patients receivedany approach due to illness, 47.1% received surgical treatment and 19.2% pharmacological treatment. Themean length of hospital stay was 15 days. The average incidence for the period 1997-2001 was 3.6 and 1.3in HPC and Offi cial Notifi cation respectively. Our study showed that since the permanence of CE in theregion is mainly due to the natural transmission of the parasite in the absence of control and preventionmeasures, health authorities should implement the necessary strategies in the study area.