CHAN Raquel Lia
Transient transformation of sunflower leaf discs via an Agrobacterium-mediated method: applications for gene expression and silencing studies
MANAVELLA PABLO ANDRÉS; CHAN RAQUEL LÍA
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2009 vol. 11 p. 1699 - 1707
The sunflower belongs to the Compositae family and is an economically important crop because of the quality of its oil. Unfortunately, molecular analyses are limited due to the lack of genomic information, mutant libraries and efficient and rapid transformation protocols. In a wide variety of species, Agrobacterium-mediated transient transformation is a useful tool that can provide valuable insight into many biological processes. However, this technology has not been routinely applied to the sunflower due to difficulties with infiltration. Here, we present an optimised protocol for Agrobacteriummediated transient transformation of leaf discs. Using this procedure, we were able to quickly overexpress or silence a given gene, enabling us to study several biochemical processes and characterise sunflower regulatory sequences. One of the major advantages of this approach is that in only one work week it is possible to acquire considerable molecular information while avoiding the use of controversial heterologous systems. Transforming heterologous species is frequently unacceptable since conservation of molecular events in many cases is not well documented.