congresos y reuniones científicas
Tourism and Sustainable Development: measuring environmental, social, and economic impacts
SILVIA LONDON ; EMILIANO ALVAREZ; VALERIA POSADAS
Santiago de Chile
Congreso; 14th Workshop Tourism: Economics and Management,; 2022
Universidad Diego Portales
In most cases, tourism is a productive activity that has a strong relationship with theenvironment and natural resources: the activity benefits from natural capital, its main input,and generates pollution and degradation of the territory and economic interests, partly notaligned with the preservation of natural capital. Therefore, it is necessary to analyzeSustainable Tourism Development Models that make economic development and theconservation of natural, cultural, and social capital concurrent, while preserving equity andsocial justice (London, 2018). Thus, natural, cultural, social, and physical capitals interact(Berkes and Folke, 1991), forming a System of Interrelation of Capitals.In this paper, based on a specific tourism project, we analyzed the interaction betweennatural, cultural, and social capital from a perspective of sustainable development (Labandeiraet al., 2007). We linked tourism as a source of growth and sustainable development to thesystemic analysis associated with the interrelationship between natural, cultural, and socialcapital. We examined the social, economic, and environmental impacts of the project andstudied the carrying capacity of the proposed activities (horseback riding and hiking) tomeasure the environmental impact on the ground.