INVESTIGADORES
TORRES Carolina
artículos
Título:
Identification of a new polyomavirus in distinct human populations and tissues
Autor/es:
TORRES, CAROLINA; CORREA, RITA M.; PICCONI, MARÍA A.; BUCK, CHRISTOPHER B.; MBAYED, VIVIANA A.
Revista:
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY
Editorial:
WILEY-LISS, DIV JOHN WILEY & SONS INC
Referencias:
Lugar: New York; Año: 2023 vol. 95
ISSN:
0146-6615
Resumen:
Several human polyomaviruses (HPyVs) have been described in the last 15 years. This work aimed to characterize a novel HPyV with cutaneous tropism. Swabs of healthy skin (forehead) of 75 immunocompetent individuals from Argentina were screened for HPyV through sequence amplification techniques. Publicly available metagenomic data sets were also analyzed. A previously unknown polyomavirus sequence was detected in two skin swab samples. A nearly identical sequence was detected in public data sets representing metagenomic surveys of human skin and feces. Further analyses showed that the new polyomavirus diverges from its nearest relative, human polyomavirus 6 (HPyV6), by 17.3%–17.7% (in nucleotides for the large T antigen), which meets criteria for a new species designation in the genus Deltapolyomavirus. The screening also revealed more distant HPyV6 relatives in macaque genital and chimpanzee fecal data sets. Since polyomaviruses are generally thought to cospeciate with mammalian hosts, the high degree of similarity to HPyV6 suggests the new polyomavirus species is human‐tropic. Therefore, a novel polyomavirus was identified and characterized from samples of distinct populations and tissues. We suggest the common name human polyomavirus 16 (HPyV16).