PEREZ Claudio Javier
Modification of Model Ethylene-Butene Copolymers Using Gamma Radiation and an Organic Peroxide
N. ANDREUCETTI, C. J. PÉREZ, M. FAILLA, E. VALLÉS.
Año: 2006 vol. 245 p. 93 - 93
Well-characterized linear ethylene-butene copolymers with polydispersities lower than 1.1 were modified using gamma radiation and an organic peroxide with the purpose of assessing the relative importance and form of evolution of the chain-linking processes with these two methods. The copolymers used in this work were obtained by hydrogenation of polybutadienes, which were synthesized by anionic polymerization of butadiene. Part of these materials were irradiated by gamma rays in a 60Co radiation facility and the rest was modified with 2,5-dimethyl-2,5 di(terbutyl peroxy)-hexane in the molten state. As expected, the critical radiation dose and the critical concentration of peroxide required for the onset of gelation decreases with average molecular weight of the original copolymer. Although, the chain-linking reactions govern the modification process, there is a fraction of molecular chains that suffers scission. The measurable fraction of molecules having molecular weights lower than the original quasi-monodisperse copolymers is, for both processes, about 5% of the total modified polymer. On the post-gel region, the gel amount increases continuously with the radiation dose and the peroxide concentration added to the copolymers. For the radiation modified polymers, the calculation of the evolution of the molecular weights assuming ideal network forming conditions agreed very well with the experiments both, before and after the gel point. This is not accomplished when the modification process is done with the use of peroxides. Also, the results obtained from the peroxide modification processes at low relative concentrations with respect to the critical one for gelation show that the evolution of the structural modification evolves at a considerable lower rate than that observed in the radiation results.