FLORES Fernando Sebastian
Evaluation of Argentinean Bird Species as Amplifying Hosts for St. Louis Encephalitis Virus (Flavivirus, Flaviviridae)
DÍAZ, ADRIÁN; FLORES, FERNANDO S.; QUAGLIA, AGUSTÍN I.; CONTIGIANI, MARTA S.
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE
AMER SOC TROP MED & HYGIENE
St.Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) is an emerging human pathogen flavivirus in Argentina. Recently, it has reemerged in the United States. We evaluated the role as amplifying host of six resident bird species and analyzed their capacity as host during the 2005 encephalitis outbreak of SLEV in Córdoba. Eared dove, picui ground dove, and house sparrow were the three species with highest host competence index. At a city level, eared doves and picui ground doves were the most important amplifying hosts during the 2005 SLEV human outbreak in Córdoba city. This finding highlighted important differences in the SLEV ecology between Argentina and the United States. Characterizing and evaluating the SLEV hosts contribute to our knowledge about its ecology and could help us to understand the causes that promote its emergence as a human pathogen in South America.