EL JABER Loreley Rita
capítulos de libros
Cabeza de Vaca´s Southern Fiasco. Legality, Subjects and Writing in Comentarios of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (1555)
Approaches to Teaching Cabeza de Vaca's Account and Other Texts
Modern Language Association
Lugar: New York; Año: 2023; p. 22 - 35
The work recommended herein for the Comentarios was thought to be taught as a whole unit within the postgraduate education program, taking into special consideration the rich and complex textual interrelation that the work itself establishes since its conception. The first edition of the Comentarios of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (1555) is a joint edition with the Naufragios, and this publishing decision sets a reading path that has been continued till the present. It should be considered that this decision responds to a large extent to the conditions from which this text stems. Cabeza de Vaca, an Adelantado from the Provinces of the Río de la Plata, once in this territory is sent to Spain in shackles, accused of treason against the King. Eight long years of lawsuits took place prior to the writing of the Comentarios. Thus, this work is presented as the last text of a personal defense that intends to exonerate the questioned Adelantado, accompanied by Notary Pero Hernández , the legal figure par excellence. In this construction, not only a deeply respectful hyperbolic subject is elaborated, compliant with the regulations established by the King and the law; but also, the Others (all of them) who are affected by his actions. The Comentarios reveal a broad range of excesses upon Indian men and women perpetrated by the white and the Christians; excesses not precisely executed by him. This attempt to account for, as representatively as possible , who is who in in the Río de la Plata contributes to the so sought for exoneration, as well as it seeks to provide another version of the facts occurred in the Río de la Plata, different from that made known to the King. In this sense, it is necessary to work with other textualities, in order to account for the number of voices existing behind this text, habitually forgotten.