VECCHI Laura Gabriela
capítulos de libros
SISMOESTRATIGRAFÍA DE SECUENCIAS DELTAICAS PLEISTOCENAS, ESTUARIO DE BAHÍA BLANCA, ARGENTINA.
ALIOTTA, S.; GINSBERG, S.S.; GIAGANTE, D.; VECCHI, L.
Actas CBO´ 2012. Congresso Brasileiro de Oceanografía.
Associacao Brasileira de Oceanografia (AOCEANO)
Lugar: Río de Janeiro; Año: 2012; p. 547 - 561
Marine dynamics as well as geomorphological and sedimentological conditions play a key role indetermining the environmental systems which, at present, constitute coastal regions and their adjacent marine areas. Bahía Blanca estuary, which is located in the south of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, has a morphological configuration resulting from hydrological and sedimentary processesrelated to Late Quaternary changes at the sea level. This estuarine system occupies a large coastal area that is characterized by a dense net of tidal channels of different dimensions and depths, numerous low altitude islands and large sandy clayey silt intertidal flats. Little is known from the stratigraphic point of view of the subbottom sedimentary cover. In this study we performed a seismic analysis of sedimentary sequences of the bottom and marine sub-bottom that characterizes the northern coast of Bahía Blanca estuary. The seismic stratigraphic analysis by means of high resolution seismic (3.5 kHz profiler) was therefore carried out in order to: i) define Quaternary sequences, ii) describe sedimentary structures, and iii) infer the paleoenvironmental conditions of sedimentation. In addition, the sedimentological and morphological features were analyzed by means of side scan sonar, echo sounder and bottom sampling. The seismostratigraphic analysis conducted together with drilling lithological correlation shows that the acoustic basement is represented by five seismic sequences. Thus S1-S2 are associated with a continental-fluvial paleoenvironment (silty clay and clayey sandy siltsediments) of Miocene-Pleistocene age. On these materials were defined the S3 and S4 seismic sequences. Their lithology and seismic facies (paleochannel structures and prograding reflection configurations) demonstrate the development of an ancient deltaic environment, which was part of an extensive Pleistocene drainage system. The S5 sequence (sand with shells and y silt clay sediments) were formed during Holocene transgressive-regressive processes and complete the seismostratigraphiccolumn defined in this study.