JURI AYUB Jimena
Atmospheric deposition of 7Be by rain events, in central Argentina
JURI AYUB, J.; DI GREGORIO, D.E.; HUCK, H.; VELASCO, R. H.; RIZZOTTO, M.
AIP CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS
American Institute of Physics
Año: 2008 p. 107 - 111
Beryllium-7 is a natural radionuclide that enters into the ecosystems through wet and dry depositions and has numerous environmental applications in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Atmospheric wet deposition of 'Be was measured in central Argentina. Rain traps were installed (1 m above ground) and individual rain events have been collected. Rain samples were filtered and analyzed by gamma spectrometry. The gamma counting was undertaken using a 40%-efficient p-type coaxial intrinsic high-purity natural germanium crystal built by Princeton Gamma-Tech. The cryostat was made from electroformed high-purity copper using ultralowbackground technology. The detector was surrounded by 50 cm of lead bricks to provide shielding against radioactive background. The detector gamma efficiency was determined using a water solution with known amounts of chemical compounds containing long-lived naturally occurring radioisotopes, "^Lu, ''^La and ''"K. Due to the geometry of the sample and its position close to the detector, the efficiency points from the "^Lu decay, had to be corrected for summing effects. The measured samples were 400 ml in size and were counted curing one day. The 'Be detection limit for the present measurements was as low as 0.2 Bq 1"'. Thirty two rain events were sampled and analyzed (November 2006-May 2007). The measured values show that the events corresponding to low rainfall (< 20 mm) are characterized by significantly higher activity concentrations (Bq 1''). The activity concentration of each individual event varied from 0.8 to 3.5 Bq 1'', while precipitations varied between 4 and 70 mm. The integrated activity by event of 'Be was fitted with a model that takes into account the precipitation amount and the elapsed time between two rain events. The integrated activities calculated with this model show a good agreement with experimental values