FERNANDEZ SEVERINI Melisa Daiana
Spatial and temporal distribution of cadmium and copper in water and zooplankton in the Bahía Blanca estuary, Argentina
FERNÁNDEZ SEVERINI MELISA DAIANA; BOTTÉ SANDRA ELIZABETH; HOFFMEYER MÓNICA SUSANA; MARCOVECCHIO JORGE EDUARDO
ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2009 vol. 85 p. 57 - 57
Cadmium and copper in the dissolved and particulate phase and in zooplankton were determined in the Bahía Blanca estuary during six surveys from March to December 2005. Temperature, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, suspended particulate matter, particulate organic matter and chlorophyll-a were also considered. Dissolved Cd was below the detection limit (0.2 mg L-1) for almost the entire study period whereas Cu concentrations (0.52.4 mg L-1) indicated a continuous dissolved Cu input. Particulate Cd concentrations ranged from below the detection limit (<0.01) to 28.6 mg g-1 d.w. while particulate Cu ranged from below the detection limit (<0.04) to 53.5 mg g-1 d.w. Cd in mesozooplankton ranged from below the detection limit (<0.01) to 37.4 mg g-1 d.w. Some of the Cd levels were higher than those reported for other aquatic ecosystems. Cu in the mesozooplankton ranged from 1.3 to 89.3 mg g-1 d.w.,values which were within the reported values or higher than other studies. The log of the partitioncoefficients (log (Kd)) of Cd was 0.04, while log (Kd) for Cu ranged from -0.39 to 2.79. These values were lower than both those calculated for other estuaries and the typical coefficients for marine environments.The log of the bioconcentration factor (log BCF) of Cd was 1.78, indicating that Cd concentration was higher in the zooplankton than in the dissolved phase. Log BCF of Cu ranged from 1.15 to 3. The logs of the biomagnification factors (log BMF) of Cd were low, with a range between -3.45 and 2.21 and those for Cu ranged from -0.1 to 3.35. Positive values indicate biomagnification while negative values indicate biodiminution. In general, no significant dissolved Cd concentration appeared to be present in the Bahía Blanca estuary and Cu values did not indicate a critical environmental status. The particulate phase seemed to be the major carrier for Cd and Cu and TPCu values were within the normal values for an anthropogenically stressed estuary but not for a strongly polluted system. This fraction was the most important metal source for the mesozooplankton. Moreover, the highest metal concentrations were in the mesozooplankton since most of the bioconcentration and biomagnification factors were positive,especially for Cu.