FERNANDEZ SEVERINI Melisa Daiana
Temporal variation in abundance and fecundity of the invading copepod Eurytemora americana in Bahía Blanca Estuary during an unusual year
BERASATEGUI ANABELA ANAHÍ; HOFFMEYER MÓNICA SUSANA; BIANCALANA FLORENCIA; FERNÁNDEZ SEVERINI MELISA DAIANA; MENÉNDEZ MARÍA CLARA
ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2009 p. 82 - 82
Eurytemora americana has been only reported as invader in Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina within the South Hemisphere. There are a few experimental researches under laboratory conditions done with this species and its reproductive behaviour around the world is very scarce. Consequently, it is still not possible to completely understand its population dynamics. In the present study, E. americana reproductive temporal behaviour and relationships among abundance, female size, egg production and hatching success were examined in the Bahı´a Blanca Estuary, during 2007 pulse. In order to determine the potential relationships between these variables and the environmental variables, experimental incubations were conducted in the laboratory simulating natural conditions. Spearmans rank correlation was used to analyze the relationships among all variables. Temporal change of biotic and environmental variables was corroborated by a MannWhitney/KruskalWallis non-parametric tests, with significantdifferences (p<<0.01) in all variables throughout the study. Abundance population results showed very high values in relation to those recorded in recent years in Bahı´a Blanca Estuary. This response could be due to the unusual combination of environmental factors (polar wave with temperatures <=6 ºC and a drought period with high salinities, 32.736.6) recorded during the studied winter period. Significant positive correlations between abundance and salinity (p < 0.01, n = 226), and hatching success (p < 0.01, n = 25) as well as a significant negative correlation between abundance and chlorophyll a (p < 0.01, n = 226) were found. Although E. americana shows a k-strategy within its annual pulse, it presented two markedly distinct behaviours depending on temporal environmental variability. From July to early september, when the estuary evidenced high salinity, low temperature and high food availability, E. Americana showed large females, large clutch size and high hatching success. When environmental conditions became unfavorable from September to October, small females, small clutch size and very lowhatching success were observed. The latter is associated with diapause egg laying which ensures population recruitment. According to our findings the particular combination of low temperatures, high salinities and high available food (i.e. variables which each year modulate its pulse) during 2007 winterspring, favored the great development of E. americana. This invading species in its opportunistic role has managed to exploit a vacant niche in the estuary, developing two different behaviours within the k-strategy depending on change in environmental conditions.