DE ANGELO Carlos Daniel
congresos y reuniones científicas
A range-wide assessment of the conservation status of lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris) in South America
CHALUKIAN, SILVIA; TABER, ANREW; ALTRICHTER, MARIANA; MINKOWSKI, K.; LIZÁRRAGA, L.; SANDERSON, E.; BECK, H.; FRAGOSO, J. M.; KEUROGHLIAN, A.; REYNA, R.; RUMIZ, D.; VENTINCINQUE, E.; MORAES JR., E.; DE ANGELO, CARLOS; ANTÚNEZ, M.; AYALA, G.; BODMER, R.; BOHER, S.; CARTES, J. L.; DE BUSTOS, S.; EATON, D.; EMMONS, L.; ESTRADA, N.; DE OLIVEIRA, L. F.; GARCIA, R.; GÓMEZ, C.; GÓMEZ, H.; LEDESMA, K.; LIZCANO, D.; LOZANO, C.; MONTENEGRO, O.; NERIS, N.; NOSS, ANDREW; PALACIO VIEIRA, J. A.; PAVIOLO, AGUSTÍN; PEROVIC, PABLO; PORTILLO, H.; RADACHOWSKY, J.; RODRIGUEZ ORTIZ, J.; SALAS, L.; SARMIENTO DUENAS, A.; SARRIA PEREA, J. A.; SCHIAFFINO, KARINA; DE THOISY, B.; TOBLER, M.; UTRERAS, V.; VARELA, DIEGO; WALLACE, R. B.; ZAPATA RIOS, G.
Congreso; 10th International Congress of Mammalogy; 2009
CCT CONICET Mendoza (CRICYT), CONICET, IADIZA, GiB, International Federation of Mammalogists, SAREM
Lowland tapirs (Tapirus terrestris) range from northern South America to northern Argentina (historic range: 13,129,874 km²). They are a keystone species critical for maintaining ecological functionality in a wide range of tropical and subtropical habitats. They are particularly vulnerable to direct and indirect threats due to their low reproductive rate. We report on a GIS-based range-wide assessment using field data (1,213 record points) and expert opinion from 40 biologists in 11 range countries. Experts judged this species extinct in 14.1% of their historic range; and considered them to have a high probability of survival in only 51.9% of the current range. They are most at risk in Argentina, where their range has declined by 46% with populations small and highly fragmented. Major range declines were also reported in Colombia and Venezuela. We analyze the status of this species by eco-geographic region, major habitat type and country. Fifty-one Tapir Conservation Units (TCU) were identified covering 40% of its current distribution. The experts considered the major habitat types and conservation units as the most realistic targets for conservation planning. The importance of different threats were estimated with the principal direct risks coming from habitat loss and hunting. Conservation efforts must focus not only on protected areas, but also on communal and private lands, to maintain this species as a functional part of ecosystems at the landscape scale. We contrast our results with those from similar assessments of the largely sympatric jaguar (Panthera onca) and White-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari).