INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES BIOTECNOLOGICAS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
IMMUNIZATION WITH TCTASV ANTIGENS DELIVERED IN BACULOVIRUS GENERATES A ROBUST IMMUNE RESPONSE AND ELICITS PROTECTION AGAINST TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI INFECTION
MASIP, Y; MOLINARI, MP; MOLINA, G; TEKIEL, V; CAEIRO, L
Congreso; XXXV Reunião Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Protozoologia; XLVI Reunião Anual da Pesquisa Básica em Doença de Chagas.; 2019
Sociedad Brasileira de Protozoología
TcTASV is a medium size multigenic family unique to Trypanosoma cruzi present in all strains of the parasite and expressed in the life cycle stages of the mammalian host. Subfamilies TcTASV-A and TcTASV-C are the most numerous, are in contact with the host immune system and show differential expression patterns: TcTASV-A is expressed intracellularly in amastigotes and trypomastigotes while TcTASV-C is expressed at trypomastigote surface and secreted (Garcia et al, 2010; Bernabó et al, 2013; Floridia et al, 2016). Previous vaccination assays with TcTASV-C resulted in delayed appearance of bloodstream trypomastigotes but impacted only slightly in mortality, after challenge with RA (TcVI), a highly virulent T. cruzi strain. The immune response was essentially humoral, with negligible cellular response (Caeiro et al, 2018). We hypothesized that a vaccination protocol with TcTASV could be improved by triggering also a cellular response against TcTASV-A (intracellular antigen). As heterologous antigen display at baculovirus (BV) capsid has been reported to induce cellular responses, we engineered a recombinant BV that accurate express TcTASV-A (BV-TcTASV-A) fused to VP39, the major nucleocapsid protein. Mice were first immunized with rTcTASV-C adjuvanted with aluminum hydroxide, followed by a boost with BV-TcTASV-A plus rTcTASV-C. This immunization scheme induced a strong anti-TcTASV-C humoral response along with CD8+/IFNγ+ (5,2%) and CD4+/IFNγ+ (0,7%) T cell populations after restimulation with TcTASV-A and TcTASV-C, respectively. When challenged with RA strain, BV-TcTASV immunized mice presented lower levels of circulating trypomastigotes and 100% survival (vs 50% or 75% in controls, in 1st or 2nd immunization assay). We conclude that this immunization protocol elicited a robust immune response against TcTASV family, which could be relevant in protection against T. cruzi.