PELLEGRINI Gretel Gisela
Bone mass recovery of osteopenic-vitamin D insufficient rats from strontium ranelate treatment:Does the response depend on vitamin Dnutritional status or on sourse of vitamin D (D2 vs.D3)?
GONZALES CHAVES MMS; MAROTTE C; PELLEGRINI GG; PIGHIN A; LANDETA MC; LIFSHITZ FIMA; FRIEDMAN SM; MANDALUNIS P; ZENI SN
Journal of musculoskeletal research
World Scientific Publishing
Año: 2011 p. 95 - 95
It was investigated if Vitamin D (Vit D) status or source (Vitamin D2 vs. Vitamin D3) interferes with bone mass recovery from strontium ranelate (SrRa) treatment of rats with Vit D insufficiency and established osteopenia. Osteopenic and Vit D insufficient rats were divided in groups to complete a 105-day period. First experiment: The rats were fed with diets that only varied in Vit D (100 vs. 0 IU%) and/or SrRa (0 vs. 900 mg/kg/day) content. A SHAM group received Vit D throughout the experience. Second experiment: Rats were divided into groups and received Vit D2 or Vit D3 through diet and SrRa by gavages in a fasting state. Two SHAM groups received Vit D2 or Vit D3 throughout the study. Results: Levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin 25OHD were reduced in groups lacking dietary Vit D (p < 0.001). Independently of Vit D status or source, SrRa did not affect body weight gain or bone alkaline phosphatase levels; osteocalcin and C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen levels were reduced (p < 0.05) and bone Sr content was increased (p < 0.0001). Although no improvement in biomechanical parameters was observed, total skeletal bone mineral content and proximal tibial bone mineral density were increased (p < 0.05). There was a reduction in the trabecular number and an increase in the trabecular surface and bone volume without reaching SHAM levels. Conclusion: This is the first study that examined SrRa effects in an osteopenic vitamin Dinsufficient experimental model. Under our experimental conditions, SrRa increased bone Sr content independently of Vit D status or source; however, no evidence of an anabolic or antifracture effect was found, and only a slight decrease in some bone resorption parameters was observed