Analysis of experimental cranial skin wounding from screwdriver trauma
KIESER J.; BERNAL V.; GONZALEZ P.; BIRCH W.; TURMAINE M.; ICHIM I.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LEGAL MEDICINE.
Año: 2007 p. 179 - 179
As part of a more extensive investigation of skin wounding mechanisms, we studied wounds created by five common screwdrivers (straight, star, square or Robertson, Posidriv and Phillips) on the shaven foreheads of 12 freshly slaughtered pigs. We fixed the different screwdriver heads to a 5-kg metal cylinder which was directed vertically onto each pig head by a droptube of 700 mm length. We examined skin lesions by photography and also by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Our evaluation of differences in wound shape and size was based on geometric morphometric methods. Our results show that there are obvious morphological differences between the straight head and the other types. The straight-headed screwdriver penetrates the skin by a mode II crack which results in a compressed skin plug with bundles of collagen fibres forming skin tabs within the actual wound. The sharpertipped screwdrivers wedge open the skin (mode I), with a clearly defined edge with no skin plugs. Geometric morphometric analysis indicates that shapes of skin wounds created by the five screwdriver types could be classified into three different groups. The straight head results in the most differentiated wound profile, with the Robertson or square and some specimens of star, and also the Posidriv and Phillips giving similar wound outlines. SEM evaluation of wounds created by a new and worn straight-head screwdrivers shows that the outline of the worn screwdriver head is reflected in the shape of the wound it created.