BUZZI Natalia Sol
congresos y reuniones científicas
Abundance and microplastic ingestion by commercial shrimp Pleoticus muelleri at an impacted coastal environment (Southwestern Atlantic)
FERNÁNDEZ SEVERINI, M.D.; FORERO LÓPEZ, A.D.; COLOMBO, C.V.; ARDRUSSO, M; BUZZI, N. S.; RIMONDINO, G.N.
Conferencia; Micro2020 International Conference Lanzarote and beyond Fate and Impacts of microplastics: knowledge and responsabilities; 2020
Microplastics (particles of size < 5 mm) are recognized as emerging pollutants that have been found in most of the world's aquatic environments. They are of particular concern due to their capability to be ingested, enabling bioaccumulation and/or bio-magnification through marine food webs1. Focusing on Argentina's coastal wetlands, the Bahía Blanca Estuary (BBE) is considered one of the most important in this country due to its high economic impact and also for being habitat of important commercial species like macrocrustaceans and fishes. The shrimp Pleoticus muelleri is an important economic resource for artisanal fishing and highly consumed in Argentina. For this reason, we investigated the abundance and characteristic of MPs in the abdominal muscle andgastrointestinal tract of the shrimp P. muelleri, as well as in the surface waters from the inner zone of BBE. The results showed that the dominant shape of MPs were fibers both in surface waters and shrimps. The fibers' colors were mainly blue and black in surface waters, while in shrimps, they were transparent and black. The mean abundance of MPs in surface water and the shrimp's abdominal tissues were 31.03 ± 3.01 items.L-1 and 3.91 items. g-1 wet weight, respectively. Infrared Spectroscopy suggests that these fibers found in both environmental matrices correspond to semi-synthetic cellulose-based remains, poly(amide), polyethylene (PE), and polypropylene (PP). Therefore, the information provided by this study generates new knowledge about the materials of the sewage discharges, which should be considered for stakeholders in the management andconservation of this large coastal wetland.