INSTITUTO DE HUMANIDADES Y CIENCIAS SOCIALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
capítulos de libros
The Province of Corrientes and the Federalist Revolution in Rio Grande do Sul (1893-1895): economical bonds and political support
MARIA MEDIANEIRA PADOIN; GUSTAVO FIGUEIRA ANDRADE; AYROLO, VALENTINA
Platinean history: border, immigration and patrimony
Editora Oikos Ltda.
Lugar: Sao Leopoldo, RS; Año: 2021; p. 52 - 73
The Federalist Revolution (1891-1895) was a civil war that happenedafter the proclamation of the Republic in Brazil, involving the SouthernBrazilian states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná, but alsoembracing a La Plata area, involving Uruguay and Argentina, and it wasone of the most violent conflicts to ever take place in Brazil, resulting in tento twelve thousand casualties in a million-people population (LOVE, 2006;RECKZIEGEL, 1999). The battle occurred in a period of economic crisis,involving several social groups, and might be understood as a contestingmovement formed by part of the old political liberal elites that used to controlthe political scenario in Brazil?s Monarchy. Some of the reasons for thefight included taxation over border commerce and repression of smuggling,objecting to the political model that took place in Rio Grande do Sul afterthe Republic, with positivist characteristics, which prevented their access tothe power structures of the state. The means to access power, on a nationallevel, brought consequences to the local power of these liberal elites, opposingdifferent federalist views (ROSSATO; ANDRADE; PADOIN, 2018).