MATTONI Camilo Ivan
Biogeographic history of southamerican arid lands: A view from its arthropods
ROIG-JUÑENT, S., M. CECILIA DOMÍNGUEZ, G. E. FLORES, & C. I. MATTONI
JOURNAL OF ARID ENVIRONMENTS
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2006 vol. 66 p. 404 - 404
Arid and semi-arid ecosystems in South America include several different habitats, such as the Peruvian and Atacama Deserts of the Pacific Coast, Monte Desert of central Argentina, Patagonian steppes, Chaco xeric woodlands, Andean Puna, and Brazilian Cerrado and Caatinga. All these areas belong to two biotic tracks, one stretching from Patagonia to the Peruvian coastal desert provice, at approximately 5º latitude South in the Pacific coast of Peru and the second stretching on the coasts of the Atlantic ocean, from northern Patagonia to Caatinga. Twenty-one natural areas have been recognized and seventeen taxa of Arthropoda were analyzed applying pa pppralogy-free subtrees, using the TASS program. The obtained data matrix was analyzed using N NONA and TNT programs. The strict consensus tree (parenthetical notation of the best relationship) shows that the first areas to become separate from the rest were Caatinga, septentrional deserts of Chile and Peru, the Uspallata-Calingasta Valley, and the natural areas from the western and eastern slopes of the Andes. The vicariant event most clearly correlated with the cladogram is the uplifting of the Andes mountain chain, which attained 3000 m in the Quechua phase, between 14-11 Ma in the middle Miocene. This event split, until present time, the taxa into occidental groups (from the central area of Chile) and oriental groups (from Argentina), and also generated the natural areas of Puna. The general area cladogram shows that Monte and Puna are not areas that were we we wereisolated from the rest and evolved separately, because the considered sub-areas are linked to other biogeographical provinces. The five areas that form Patagonia are all related.