INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Functional Toll-like Receptor 4 Overexpression in Papillary Thyroid Cancer by MAPK/ERK-induced ETS1 Transcriptional Activity
PEYRET V, NAZAR M, MARTÍN M, QUINTAR A, FERNANDEZ EA, GEYSELS RC, FUZIWARA CS, MONTESINOS MM, MALDONADO CA, SANTISTEBAN P, KIMURA ET, PELLIZAS CG, NICOLA JP, MASINI-REPISO AM
MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH
AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH
Lugar: Philadelphia; Año: 2018
Emerging evidence suggests that unregulated Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling promotes tumor survival signals, thus favoring tumor progression. Here, the mechanism underlying TLR4 overexpression in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) mainly harboring the BRAFV600E mutation was studied. TLR4 was overexpressed in PTCs compared to non-neoplastic thyroid tissue. Moreover, paired clinical specimens of primary PTC and its lymph node metastasis showed a significant upregulation of TLR4 levels in the metastatic tissues. In agreement, conditional BRAFV600E expression in normal rat thyroid cells and mouse thyroid tissue upregulated TLR4 expression levels. Furthermore, functional TLR4 expression was demonstrated in PTC cells by increased NF-κB transcriptional activity in response to the exogenous TLR4-agonist lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Of note, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data analysis revealed that BRAFV600E-positive tumors with high TLR4 expression were associated with shorter disease-free survival. Transcriptomic data analysis indicated a positive correlation between TLR4 expression levels and MAPK/ERK signaling activation. Consistently, chemical blockade of MAPK/ERK signaling abrogated BRAFV600E-induced TLR4 expression. A detailed study of the TLR4 promoter revealed a critical MAPK/ERK-sensitive Ets binding-site involved in BRAFV600E responsiveness. Subsequent investigation revealed that the Ets-binding factor ETS1 is critical for BRAFV600E-induced MAPK/ERK signaling-dependent TLR4 gene expression. Together, these data indicate that functional TLR4 overexpression in PTCs is a consequence of thyroid tumor-oncogenic driver dysregulation of MAPK/ERK/ETS1 signaling.IMPLICATIONS:Considering the participation of aberrant NF-κB signaling activation in the promotion of thyroid tumor growth and the association of high TLR4 expression with more aggressive tumors, this study suggests a pro-oncogenic potential of TLR4 downstream signaling in thyroid tumorigenesis.