INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Sensitive biomarker response of shrimp Palaemonetes argentinus exposed to chlorpyrifos at environmental concentrations: Role of alpha-tocopherol and metallothioneins.
MONFERRÁN, MAGDALENA VICTORIA; ASIS, RAMÓN; BERTRAND, LIDWINA; BONANSEA, ROCÍO; MOUNEYRAC, CATHERINE; AMÉ, MARÍA VALERIA
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2016 vol. 179 p. 72 - 72
The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxic effects of chlorpyrifos (CPF) at environmental concentrations over the shrimp Palaemonetes argentinus, a South American native species. Organisms were exposed in laboratory conditions at relevant environmental concentrations of CPF (from 3.5 to 94.5 ng CPF L-1) for 96 h. A wide battery of biochemical responses including bioaccumulation, damage and defense biomarkers were measured in cephalothorax and abdomen of shrimp. The concentration of CPF was below the detection limit of the method in both body sectors (8 ng CPF g-1 ww), probably indicating the fast biotransformation of the parental compound. Our results showed that CPF exposure inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity from 3.5 ng CPF L-1, a concentration below the suggested Argentinean guidelines for the protection of aquatic biota. Moreover, oxidative stress was evidenced by enhanced H2O2 content and increased levels of TBARs and carbonyl groups in proteins. The induction of antioxidant enzymes like catalase, glutathione S-transferase and glutathione peroxidase seems not be sufficient to prevent oxidative damages. In addition, the mobilization of α-tocopherol from abdomen to cephalothorax was observed and reported for the first time in non-reproductive condition. Likewise, a strong diminution of metallothioneins occurred in cephalothorax from the lowest CPF concentration while induction occurred from the same treatment in abdomen as an oxidative stress response. Finally, significant correlation between Integrated Biomarkers Response values and exposure concentrations suggest the usefulness of P. argentinus as bioindicator of CPF exposure at low dose as environmental concentrations.