QUINTEROS Daniela Alejandra
Spray dried microspheres based on chitosan: A promising new carrier for intranasal administration of polymeric antigen BLSOmp31 for prevention of ovine brucellosis
ALEJANDRA DIAZ; DANIELA A. QUINTEROS; JUAN M. LLABOT; SANTIAGO D. PALMA; GISELLE GHERSI,; VANESA ZYLBERMAN; FERNANDO ALBERTO GOLDBAUM; SILVIA ESTEIN
MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING. C, BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS, SENSORS AND SYSTEMS
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2016
Spray dried microspheres based on chitosan: A promising new carrier for intranasal administration of polymeric antigen BLSOmp31 for prevention of ovine brucellosis.Díaz AG1, Quinteros DA2, Llabot JM2, Palma SD2, Allemandi DA2, Ghersi G3, Zylberman V4, Goldbaum FA4, Estein SM5.Author informationAbstractPrevious studies have demonstrated that parenteral immunization with polymeric antigen BLSOmp31 induced a strong immune response and conferred protection against Brucella ovis in rams. This work describes the development of a novel formulation strategy for the delivery of BLSOmp31 in the nasal mucosa. Chitosan microparticles were prepared by spray-drying technology processes and recombinant chimera BLSOmp31 was loaded by passive adsorption onto chitosan microspheres, which were characterized by means of the evaluation of size, zeta potential, morphology, and loading and release rate of BLSOmp31. The mucoadhesive properties of microspheres were evaluated by studying the interaction between microparticles and mucin. The antigen BLSOmp31 integrity was investigated by SDS-PAGE. The yield of production of spray-drying process was 68.95%. Microspheres had a good sphericity, 1-10μm of particle size and had a positive charge. The loading capacity was found to be 45.19%. The initial fast release of BLSOmp31 from chitosan microparticles was 60%. The BLSOmp31 integrity was not affected by passive adsorption (ionic interaction). The amount of mucin adsorbed on the surface of CMs-BLSOmp31 was lower than on the surface of blank CMs at neutral pH. In vivo studies were carried out in rams. Intranasal immunization induced systemic and local antibodies. In conclusion, the use of BLSOmp31-loaded chitosan spray-drying microspheres offers a promising way for nasal mucosal vaccination in sheep against brucellosis.Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.