WUILLOUD Rodolfo German
capítulos de libros
Quality Monitoring and Authenticity Assessment of Wines: Analytical and Chemometric Methods
CANIZO, BRENDA; ESCUDERO, LETICIA B.; PELLERANO, ROBERTO G.; WUILLOUD, RODOLFO G.
The Science of Beverages - Quality Control in the Beverage Industry
Año: 2019; p. 335 - 384
This chapter introduces the most relevant concepts about wine field, including ?terroir?, manufacturing process and the Wine Protected Designation as a way of authentication. Contents of molecular organic acids, volatile species, polyphenols, amino acids, biogenic amines and inorganic species seem to depend on climatic, agricultural and wine-making factors. As result, compositional proﬁles of this beverage can be exploited as potential descriptors of wine quality and authenticity. Thus, a brief introduction about the chemical composition of wine is presented. The different analytical methods used nowadays for wine quality control are exposed. Furthermore, since most characterization studies are based on chemometrics to facilitate extraction of information, principal component analysis, cluster analysis and related as well as pattern recognitions methods currently used for discrimination and classification are also explained. The potential of combining different analytical techniques and chemometric methods provides different tools to be used by the wine industry to authenticate wines and define Protected Designation of Origin.