SORDELLI Daniel Oscar
Modulation of human polymorphonuclear leucocyte chemotaxis and macrolide antibiotic release by Haemophilus influenzae type b exoproducts
FONTAN PA; BUZZOLA FR; SPINEDI EG; SORDELLI DO
Lugar: Switzerland; Año: 1996 vol. 42 p. 71 - 77
The capacity of phagocytes to concentrate macrolide antibiotics was suggested by previous reports. In this study, we evaluated the capacity of Haemophilus influenzae type b culture supernatants (HICS) to induce polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) migration and macrolide antibiotic delivery. Using a Boyden multiwell chamber and a chemotaxis assay under agarose combined with a bioassay to measure antibiotic levels in agar, we demonstrated the chemotactic activity of HICS. Preincubation of PMNL with either erythromycin or azithromycin did not affect PMNL chemotaxis. By the agar diffusion test, we established that HICS increased the release of antibiotic from PMNL when compared with spontaneous release. Furthermore, we determined that the antibiotics remain bioactive after release. These results suggest that HICS may have a modulatory effect on transport and delivery of macrolide antibiotics by PMNL at the infection site.