SORDELLI Daniel Oscar
Treatment with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent delays the growth of spontaneous pulmonary metastases of a mammary adenocarcinoma of non-detected immunogenicity
FONTAN PA; AMURA CR; SORDELLI DO
BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER
Nature Publishing Group on behalf of Cancer Research UK
Lugar: UK; Año: 1992 vol. 66 p. 800 - 804
Previous reports showed that treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIA) can alter the growth profile of a variety of tumours. In this study, the effect of NSAIA treatment on the growth of the primary tumour and the appearance of spontaneous pulmonary metastases, was investigated. A mammary adenocarcinoma of non-detected immunogenicity, C7HI, was grafted subcutaneously in the lateral flank of Balb/c mice. Oral treatment with approximately 1 mg kg-1 day-1 piroxicam delayed both tumour growth and the growth of pulmonary metastases. Survival of mice bearing the primary tumour was significantly lengthened by anti-inflammatory treatment. Similarly, in separate experiments, after surgical removal of the primary tumour by day 34 after grafting, the group of mice treated orally with piroxicam also exhibited a higher survival rate than the control group. Upon surgical removal of the primary tumour 34 days after grafting, piroxicam treatment significantly decreased both the number and size of pulmonary metastases. The results of this study lends support to the hypothesis that inhibition or modulation of inflammation may delay tumour organisation and growth. It is suggested that piroxicam treatment may be an appropriate adjunct therapy to delay the appearance of pulmonary metastases and to increase life-expectancy in a host whose primary tumour has to be surgically removed.