SEIJO Jose Guillermo
congresos y reuniones científicas
Characterization of long interspersed non- LTR elements in section Arachis
Congreso; Congreso Argentino de Bioinformatica y Biología computacional; 2012
Characterization of long interspersed non- LTR elements in section Arachis Sebastián Samoluk1, Diego Carisimo1, Germán Robledo1,2, Guillermo Seijo1,2 1 Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste, Corrientes, Corrientes, CP 3400, Argentina 2 Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales y Agrimensura (Universidad Nacional del Nordeste), Corrientes, Corrientes, CP 3400, Argentina Abstract Section Arachis (genus Arachis, Leguminosae) is composed of 29 wild diploid species belonging to five different genomes (A, B, D, F y K) and two allotetraploid species (AABB). Experiments based on molecular mapping and genome in situ hybridization suggested that changes in the repetitive fractions may have been a main force leading to genomic differentiation in Arachis. To test this hypothesis, degenerate primers were designed to isolate and characterize a conserved region of the reverse transcriptase gene from long interspersed non-LTR elements (LINEs) from eight species representing five different genomes of Arachis. The 37 isolated clones showed the conserved amino acid motifs characteristic of the reverse transcriptase of LINEs. These sequences were compared by the pairwaise method and a Neighbour- Joining tree was constructed using the program MEGA, version 5 [1]. Even though the alignment of nucleotides showed a high interspecific nucleotide divergence, the deduced amino acid sequences evidenced high percentages of similarity. Nineteen sequences had stop codons and the introduction of frameshifts in the reading frame of some sequences was necessary to optimize the alignment. Amino acid sequences from other angiosperms and gymnosperms with homology to the reverse transcriptase of the LINEs isolated from Arachis were recovered from public databases using BLASTx tool [2] and incorporated to the tree. The topology of the tree showed that the sequences isolated from Arachis were grouped into a unique cluster without species-specific subclusters. On the other hand, all the recovered sequences from public databases (which included some from legume species) grouped into another well separated cluster. The sequences grouped in the latter cluster had much deeper branches than those observed in the cluster of Arachis sequences. Conclusion From these results, we concluded that the diversification of LINEs is relatively recent in Arachis and that it may have occurred before the differentiation of the genomic groups present in section Arachis. References 1.Tamura K, Peterson D, Peterson N, Stecher G, Nei M, and Kumar S (2011) MEGA5: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis using Maximum Likelihood, Evolutionary Distance, and Maximum Parsimony Methods. Mol. Biol. Evol. 28: 2731-2739 2.Altschul, S.F., W Gish, W Miller, E Myers & D J Lipman (1990) "Basic local alignment search tool" J. Mol. Biol. 215:403-410 3er Congreso Argentin