SEIJO Jose Guillermo
Genomic characterization of the germplasm in peppers (Capsicum Solanaceae) by fluorescent in situ hybridization.
SCALDAFERRO, M.A,; J.G. SEIJO; M. C. ACOSTA; G. E. BARBOZA; D. A. DUCASSE; E.A. MOSCONE
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Lugar: Sofía, Bulgaria; Año: 2006 vol. 12 p. 12 - 12
Abstract Capsicum, an economically important New World genus of food, spice, drug and ornamental uses, includes world-wide crops (sweet and hot peppers). In this work we have started a broad genomic characterization programme of peppers germplasm by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), with the aim of contributing to the knowledge of the genome organization and evolution in Capsicum, with reference to the origin of the crop species. It is expected to achieve useful information for breeding purpose concerning the cytogenetic diversity of the germplasm and the genomic affinity between the possible donors of valuable alleles and the crops to be improved. Two wild (C. chacoense, C. cardenasii) and three cultivated taxa (C. annuum var. annuum two cultivars , C. baccatum var. umbilicatum, C. pubescens) are analysed. The combination of the 35S and 5S rRNA gene probes in single FISH experiments brings useful chromosome markers to distinguish cytogenetically species, varieties and cultivars. Our results are discussed with previous findings in the genus.