KREIMER Pablo Rafael
congresos y reuniones científicas
Internationalism and cooperation in science and technology policies in Argentina. Origins and current challenges
PABLO KREIMER Y ADRIANA FELD
Conferencia; Prime-Globelics Conference.; 2008
Prime-Globelics y Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana
From the mid-40s to the mid-50s a set of public institutions was created, oriented to intervene on science and technology activities in Argentina. This scheme remained with almost no changes until the beginning of the 90 when a new kind of policies were put in practice, together with the creation of new institutions and a reorientation of traditional models that had prevailed until then. During the second half of the XXth Century, the relations between science and politics in Latin America went through several tensions that could be summarized as follows: Internationalization versus local conditions; The ideology of the scientific community, defending autonomy as a crucial value versus the emerging belief from National States about the need to intervene on scientific activities; The production of knowledge as a cultural value versus the social use of knowledge oriented to development.Therefore, we intend to show the articulation of the above mentioned tensions in two significant moments of the development of research policies in Argentina: in the first part we analyze the process of institutionalization of S&T policies between 1946 and 1958, when the basis of a so-called national research system was set up, in parallel with the strong activity of international organisms. In the second part, we shall identify the new process that became evident since 80s, when new trends in S&T policies emerged, together with a growing process of globalization regarding research practices. We decided to focus on two significant moments due to their high symbolic value, even if there is a risk of overlooking several significant details in a half-century history.