IPPOLITO Irene Paula
Instabilities in Slowly Driven Granular Packing
N NERONE, M. A. AGUIRRE, A. CALVO, D. BIDEAU AND I. IPPOLITO
PHYSICAL REVIEW E - STATISTICAL PHYSICS, PLASMAS, FLUIDS AND RELATED INTERDISCIPLINARY TOPICS
Año: 2003 vol. 67 p. 1 - 9
n this work, a digital imaging technique is used to study the superficial fluctuations observed when a granular packing is slowly driven to the threshold of instability. The experimental results show the presence of three types of events. Small superficial rearrangements of grains are observed during all the experiments. They present a power-law behavior although the system is not in a critical state as predicted by self-organized criticality models. In thick granular piles, large rearrangements are detected at regular angular intervals. They are related to the threshold of instability of the contact network that relaxes to stable configurations producing internal rearrangements of the grains. Finally, an avalanche is triggered when the superficial beads that are set in motion acquire enough momentum to destabilize grains from layers below.