GEFFNER Jorge Raul
Stimulation of neutrophil apoptosis by immobilized IgA.
SCHETTINI J, SALAMONE G, TREVANI A, RAIDEN S, GAMBERALE R, VERMEULEN M, GIORDANO M, GEFFNER JR
JOURNAL OF LEUKOCYTE BIOLOGY
FEDERATION AMER SOC EXP BIOL
Lugar: Bethesda; Año: 2002 vol. 72 p. 685 - 691
In the current study, we analyzed whether immunoglobulin A (IgA) is able to modulate neutrophil apoptosis. We found that culture of neutrophils on immobilized plasma IgA (iIgAp) or secretory IgA (iIgAs) induced a marked increase in apoptotic rates. By contrast, soluble IgAp, IgAs, or aggregated IgAp exerted no effect. Promotion of apoptosis by iIgA was almost completely prevented by blocking antibodies directed to CD18 or CD11b and was shown to be dependent on the activation of the respiratory burst as suggested by the ability of catalase to prevent apoptosis stimulation; the effect of azide, an heme enzyme inhibitor that significantly increased promotion of apoptosis by iIgA; and the inability of iIgA to stimulate apoptosis of neutrophils isolated from chronic granulomatous disease patients. Stimulation of neutrophil apoptosis by IgA might contribute to the control of inflammatory processes in certain autoimmune diseases such as IgA nephropathy in which tissue deposits of IgA or IgA containing immune complexes are found.