CASADIO Silvio Alberto
Sedimentology and palynology of the Calafate Formation (Maastrichtian), Austral Basin, Southern Patagonia, Argentina
MARENSSI, SERGIO; GULER, VERÓNICA; CASADIO, SILVIO; GUERSTEIN, RAQUEL; PAPÚ, OSCAR
CRETACEOUS RESEARCH (PRINT)
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2004 vol. 25 p. 907 - 918
The Calafate Formation crops out in south-western Santa Cruz Province, Argentina, and displays a stacking of asymmetrical coarseningfining-upward cycles. These cycles are interpreted as the product of short-lived transgressive-regressive events in which the coarsening upward part represents sedimentary aggradation with a stable or decreasing sea level. Sedimentological and palynological analyses indicate nearshore marine conditions. Even though the existence of an estuary or incised valley cannot be determined, this is the most probable palaeogeographic model. Based on dinoflagellate cysts, the base of the section is considered to be not older than Maastrichtian. The presence of the oyster Ambigostrea clarae (Ihering) occurring together with the dinoflagellate cyst species Manumiella druggii (Stover) Bujak and Davies and Eisenackia circumtabulata Drugg in the middle part of the section indicates an age no older than late Maastrichtian. According to sedimentological data, deposits representing the CretaceousPalaeogene transition would have been eroded, which is confirmed by the presence of Grapnelispora loncochensis Papu. This megaspore is a consistent component of the Maastrichtian assemblages from Patagonia.