ALVAREZ Luis Ignacio
Albendazole failure to control resistant nematodes in lambs: lack of effect of fasting-induced improvement on drug absorption
ALVAREZ L; ENTROCASSO, C.; LIFSCHITZ, A.; MANAZZA, J.; CEBALLOS, L.; BORDA, B.; LANUSSE, C.
JOURNAL OF PARASITOLOGY
AMER SOC PARASITOLOGISTS
Lugar: Washington, Estados Unidos; Año: 2010 vol. 96 p. 1204 - 1210
The time and level of parasite exposure to active drug concentrations determines the efficacy for the most of the anthelmintic drugs used in ruminants. Enhanced plasma availability of albendazole sulphoxide (ABZSO), the active metabolite of albendazole (ABZ), was described in feed restricted sheep. The aim of the current work was to determine if the absorption-related pharmacokinetic changes derived from fasting animals prior to drug treatment, modify the clinical efficacy of ABZ against resistant gastrointestinal (GI) nematodes in lambs. Forty Corriedale lambs, naturally infected with resistant GI nematodes were divided into 4 groups. Controls were fed ad libitum and did not receive any drug treatment. Treated animals were fed ad libitum up to 30 min prior to treatment with ABZ (3.8 mg/kg) by the intraruminal (i.r.) route. Control fasted animals were not fed during the 24 hr period prior to the start of the experiment and did not receive any drug treatment. A second treated group of animals were fasted 24 hr prior to the treatment with ABZ, as previously described for the fed-treated group. Blood samples were collected over 72 hr post-treatment from 6 animals in each treated group. Plasma samples were analyzed by HPLC after clean up and solid phase extraction. The estimated pharmacokinetic parameters were statistically compared using parametric statistical tests. The indirect estimation of the efficacy of the different treatments was performed by the fecal egg count reduction test (FECRT). Additionally, 4 animals randomly chosen from the control-fed and treated groups were killed 13 days post-treatment to evaluate the efficacy against different adult nematode parasites. The results were statistically compared by parametric and non-parametric test. A significantly (P 60%) did not improve its activity against nematodes with a high degree of resistance.