GUTIERREZ Diego German
A comparative study of latex-producing tissues in genera of Liabeae (Asteraceae)
GUTIERREZ, D. G.; LUNA, M. L.
Lugar: Aschaffenburg; Año: 2013 vol. 208 p. 33 - 44
Laticifers are highly specialized living plant cells which produce and contain latex. Occurrence of latex was used to establish morphological affinities between Liabeae and other Asteracean tribes, among the Liabean genera, and in order to obtain phylogenies within Liabeae. However, structures and types of latex-producing tissues in this tribe have not yet been studied anatomically. In present paper latex-producing structures of aerial parts in species of Microliabum, Munnozia, and Paranephelius (Liabeae), from open areas in mid-elevation Andean forests, and in Andean high-elevation habitats, were studied. In all the analyzed species, latex secretion was easily observed in stem and leaf blade hand sections. Laticifers accompanied vascular tissues in all the cases, throughout stems and leaves, and they were of the articulated anastomosed type, at least in fully developed stages. Laticifers were found facing both, the xylem and the phloem, except for Paranephelius stems, in which they occur merely next to the phloem. Leaf laticifers form a reticulum accompanying veins system. The type of latex-producing tissue shared by Microliabum and Munnozia could be a character shared by common ancestry whereas the laticifer system of Paranephelius stems could represent an evolutionary novelty for this genus. The laticifer type described in this study in aerial parts of Liabeae may allow establishing morphological affinities with tribes Cichorieae and Arctoteae.