LENCINAS Maria Vanessa
Photosynthetic response to different light intensities, water status and leaf age of two Berberis species (Berberidaceae) of Patagonian steppe, Argentina
PERI, P; ARENA, M; MARTINEZ PASTUR, G; LENCINAS, MV
JOURNAL OF ARID ENVIRONMENTS
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2011 vol. 75 p. 1218 - 1222
Net photosynthetic rate (A) and stomatal conductance (gs) of seedlings of Berberis buxifolia and B. heterophylla leaves were measured at different light intensity (20, 150, 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1500 and 2200 µmol m-2 s-1 photosynthetic photon flux density, PPFD), under water stress and for different leaf age. Berberis buxifolia had higher A values than B. heterophylla for all light intensities measured with a maximum value of 27.6 µmol CO2 m-2 s-1 saturated at 1500 µmol m-2 s-1 PPFD. Values of gs for both Berberis species also declined as light intensity decreased. There was a negative relationship between A and water stress expressed as pre-dawn leaf water potential (ψlp) where the reduction in gs was the main factor that reduced A in both species. Also, A and gs of Berberis plants increased rapidly during the first days after leaf unfolding, reached a maximum value when the leaf was completely expanded (at 30 days for B. buxifolia and 45 days for B. heterophylla), and then declined. These photosynthetic results of Berberis leaves to different light intensities, water stress and leaf age could be used to estimate the responses of seedling establishment and growth to environmental conditions in the native steppe ecosystem or in commercial orchards under irrigation and pruning practices, and also to assist restoration plans.