ALISCIONI Sandra Silvina
Atypical foliar anatomy related to Kranz syndrome in Paspalum inaequivalve and Paspalum microstachyum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae).
Urban & Fischer
Año: 2009 vol. 204 p. 718 - 729
Paspalum L. is a large and complex genus, enclosing more than 300 species, whose boundaries and infrageneric classification are still being studied. Recent phylogenetic analyses suggest that Paspalum inaequivalve Raddi and Paspalum microstachyum J. Presl, from the Inaequivalvia informal group, should be excluded from Paspalum. Focused on the unclear taxonomic position of P. inaequivalve and P. microstachyum, their leaf anatomy was studied, and some atypical features related to C4 photosynthesis were found. This atypical Kranz syndrome is the aim of this research. Transverse leaf blade sections from fresh and herbarium material of P. inaequivalve were studied by light, fluorescence, and transmission microscopy. Additionally, sheaths and culms of P. inaequivalve and leaf blades of P. microstachyum were observed by light microscopy. d13C isotope discrimination was determinated for P. inaequivalve. We compared our results with available anatomical data from related taxa. As well as typical mesophyll cells (PCA) and mestome sheath cells (PCR), a third type of cells, here called globose parenchymatous cells, was observed in leaf blades of P. inaequivalve and P. microstachyum. These cells are placed externally to the mestome sheaths of the first and second vascular bundles, they have thin walls, with no developed suberine lamella, few chloroplasts with 1-2 starch grains, thylakoids not organized in grana, and a large central vacuole. The globose parenchymatous cells represent a novel trait in P. inaequivalve and P. microstachyum, further supporting the close relation between both species and their exclusion from the genus Paspalum. This atypical Kranz syndrome has not been described in Paspalum before, but the globose parenchymatous cells here described resemble the distinct cells considered as remnants of the outer parenchymatous sheath described for Anthaenantiopsis, some sections of Panicum L., and Chaetium Nees, providing possible taxonomic significance.