SETTON Clara Patricia
congresos y reuniones científicas
Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells and magnetic nanoparticles: different tools combined to promote sciatic nerve regeneration after injury
PAULA A, SOTO; GONZALO PIÑERO; VANINA USACH; MARCELA FERNANDEZ VAN RAAP; CLARA P. SETTON
Villa Carlos Paz
Congreso; XXXIV Congreso Anual Sociedad Argentina de Neurociencias (SAN); 2019
Sociedad Argentina de Investigación en Neurociencias
Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells and magnetic nanoparticles: different tools combined to promote sciatic nerve regeneration after injury.Authors: Paula Soto1; G. Piñero1; V. Usach1; Marcela Fernández van Raap2 and P. Setton-Avruj1.1Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológica ?Alejandro Paladini? UBA-CONICET Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. 2Instituto de Física La Plata, UNLP, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas.Neuropathies constitute a major issue in public health with high prevalence worldwide. Patients? poor clinical evolution turns these affections into a crippling disease, which is why the development of new regenerative therapies is of great importance.Wallerian degeneration is an efficient animal experimental model in mimicking the impact of peripheral nerve lesion to shed light on possible regeneration strategies.In this context, the aim of the present work was to test whether magneto targeting, a nanotechnological strategy to mobilize magnetic nanoparticles (MNP), can help adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell-loaded MNP (AdMSC-MNP) reach specific tissue guided by an external magnetic field and thus improve the regenerative ability of AdMSC upon sciatic nerve lesion.To test our hypothesis, AdMSC were extensively characterized, and MNP internalization byAdMSC as well as AdMSC-MNP arrival at the injured nerve were evaluated through microscopy and magnetometry. Finally, cell transplantation effects on regeneration were evaluated both in terms of nerve morphology and nerve impulse conduction.Our results show that AdMSC can internalize 2 to 4 pg MNP/cell and that AdMSC-MNP magneto targeting enhances cell arrival exclusively at the lesion site and their beneficial effects on sciaticnerve regeneration.In short, our results prove that magneto targeting of AdMSC-MNP constitutes a novel and valuable tool to promote nerve regeneration by enhancing AdMSC arrival at the lesion siteDisclosures: Paula A. Soto: None. Gonzalo Piñero: None. Vanina Usach: None. Marcela Fernández van Raap:None. Patricia Setton-Avruj: None.