GARGIULO Pascual Angel
Alpha and beta noradrenergic mediation of NMDA glutamatergic effects on lordosis behaviour and plasmatic LH concentrations in the primed female rat.
LANDA, A.I.; GARGIULO, A. J. M.; GARGIULO, M. M. L.; CABRERA, R. J.; BREGONZIO, C.; LAFUENTE SANCHEZ, J.V.; GARGIULO, P.A.
JOURNAL OF NEURAL TRANSMISSION. GENERAL SECTION.
Lugar: Wien; Año: 2009 p. 551 - 551
Submitted on December 31, 2008. Accepted on March 17, 2009. ABSTRACT Landa, A.I.; Gargiulo, A.J.M.; Gargiulo, M.M.L.; Cabrera, R.J.; Bregonzio, C.; Lafuente Sanchez, J.V.; Gargiulo, P.A. Alpha and Beta noradrenergic mediation of NMDA glutamatergic effects on lordosis behaviour and plasmatic LH concentrations in the primed female rat. Journal of Neural Transmission. In previous studies we have found that blockade of NMDA (N-Methyl-D-Aspartic-Acid)- type glutamatergic receptor with intracerebroventricular (ICV) selective drugs induces an inhibition of lordosis in ovariectomized (OVX) estrogen primed rats receiving progesterone or Luteinizing Hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH). By the opposite way, stimulation with NMDA in OVX estrogen primed rats induced a significant increase of lordosis. In the present study the action of an á1-noradrenergic antagonist, HEAT (BE 2254 / 2-beta-4- Hydroxyphenyl-Ethyl-Aminomethyl-1-Tetralone), and Metoprolol, a â-noradrenergic antagonist, were studied injecting them ICV previously to NMDA administration in treated OVX estrogen primed rats. In experiment 1, the enhancing effect on lordosis induced by NMDA at high dose (1 ìg) was abolished by HEAT administration (p<0.001 for 3 and 6 ìg), and the LH plasma levels were decreased only with the higher dose (p<0.05), suggesting that behavioral effects are quite more sensitive to the á-blockade than hormonal effects. In experiment 2, enhancing effects on lordosis behavior were not observed with neither the NMDA at low dose (0.5 ìg) nor the Metoprolol alone (5.71 ìg), but a synergism was observed when both were simultaneously administered (p<0.001). The LH plasma levels were increased by Metoprolol alone (p<0.05), and powered by the combination with NMDA at low dose (p<0.01 vs. SAL and NMDA alone); no differences were observed with Metoprolol. LH increase was observed with Metoprolol even without behavioural modifications. These findings strongly suggest that facilitatory and inhibitory effects of NMDA in this model are mediated by á- and â-adrenergic transmission in both, behavioural and hormonal effects. KEY WORDS: Lordosis, Behavior, Glutamate, Plasmatic, LH, Noradrenergic