PARODI Elisa Rosalia
Green epi-endophytes in Hymenena falklandica (Rhodophyta) from the Patagonian coasts of Argentina: Preliminary observations.
GAUNA, M.C.; PARODI, E.R.
PHYCOLOGICAL RESEARCH (PRINT)
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2008 p. 172 - 182
The occurrence of epi-endophyte algae in Hymenena falklandica J. G. Ag. Ex Kylin (Rhodophyta) is reported in Argentina. Epicladia heterotricha (Yarish) Nielsen (Chlorophyceae) revealed a 100% prevalence of occurrence, particularly in the basal region of the host. Low (14%), moderate (28%) and high (58%) severity degrees of infection were also registered for E. heterotricha. Pseudendoclonium submarinum Wille (Chlorophyceae) exhibited a lower frequency of occurrence, close to 3%. The developmental morphology and dynamics of E. heterotricha and P. submarinum were investigated under unialgal as well as bialgal culture conditions. The experimental infection of H. falklandica by E. heterotricha demonstrated that E. heterotricha initially behaves as epiphytic but with endophytic filaments growing into the cortex of the host during late infection. P. submarinum was found to be exclusively epiphytic, with no development of endophytic filamentous systems. The present study reports the first lines of evidence of an epidemiological study.