INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Photodissociation UV-VIS Spectra of Cold Protonated Azobenzene and 4-(dimethylamino)-azobenzene and Their Benzenediazonium Cation Fragment
CHRISTOPHE JOUVET; CLAUDE DEDONDER-LARDEUX; GERALDINE FÉRAUD; ERNESTO MARCECA
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Lugar: Washington; Año: 2016 vol. 120 p. 3897 - 3897
Gas phase photodissociation electronic spectra of protonated azobenzene (ABH+) and 4-(dimethylamino)azobenzene (dmaABH+) were measured in a cryogenically-cooled ion trap at temperatures of a few tens of Kelvin. Experimental results were complemented with electronic structure calculations in the ground state at the MP2/cc-pVDZ level of theory, and in the low lying excited states using the RI-CC2 method. Calculated energies revealed that only the trans isomers of the azonium molecular ions (protonation site on the azo group) will likely exist in the trap at the temperatures achieved in the experiment. The first transition of trans-ABH+ is π*π, and the absorption band in the spectrum appears strongly red-shifted from that of the neutral molecule. The calculations showed that upon excitation the quasi-planar ground state (S0) transforms into a chair-like excited state (S1) by twisting the CNNC dihedral angle about 96 degrees. A 41 cm1 active vibrational progression found in the ABH+ spectrum may be associated with the twisting of the azo bond. Conversely, the electronic spectrum of dmaABH+ exhibits a steep and unstructured S1S0 absorption corresponding to a less distorted S1 state. The next two quasi-degenerate bands in the ABH+ spectrum evidence sharper onsets and a charge transfer character. Using a second fragmentation laser and an additional He cooling pulse in the trap, it was possible to measure the UV spectrum of cold benzenediazonium fragments.