INQUIMAE   12526
INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Catalytic oxidation of hydroxyurea to bound NO+/NO2  mediated by pentacyano(L)ferrates. Characterization of the nitroxide radical, bound C-nitrosoformamide and NO as reaction intermediates
Autor/es:
ANDREA C. MONTENEGRO, SERGIO G. DABROWSKI, MARÍA M. GUTIÉRREZ, VALENTÍN T. AMOREBIETA, SARA E. BARI, JOSÉ A. OLABE
Revista:
INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA
Editorial:
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Referencias:
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2011 vol. 374 p. 447 - 447
ISSN:
0020-1693
Resumen:
Hydroxyurea (HU, NH2CONHOH), reacts with several oxidizing agents (O2, H2O2, IO4, Fe(III) complexes) in aqueous solutions containing either of the  pentacyano(aqua)ferrate(II,III) ions, [FeII,III(CN)5H2O]3,2. In the initial 1-electron step, HU reacts with [FeIII(CN)5H2O]2 through an outer-sphere process, leading to [FeII(CN)5H2O]3 and the EPR active nitroxide radical, NH2C(O)NHO. This is further oxidized to C-nitrosoformamide, NH2C(O)NO, in a similar 1-electron step. The latter compound binds to [FeII(CN)5H2O]3 giving the [FeII(CN)5(NOC(O)NH2)]3 ion (I3). I3 has been isolated as a solid, Na3[FeII(CN)5(NOC(O)NH2)]2H2O, (I), and was identified by chemical analysis, IR and UV?Vis spectroscopies (kmax = 465 nm, e = 4.0 ± 0.3 103 M1 cm1). I and I3 are very stable species in anaerobic media, as solids and in aqueous solutions with a pH close to 7. I3 decomposes in alkaline media through hydrolysis, giving CO2, NH3 and, presumably, the nitroxyl complex [FeII(CN)5NO]4. The latter ion appears as a source of N2O, detected by mass spectrometry, and affords, in oxygenated media, two subsequent1-electron processes, without the rupture of the NO bond, giving the radical intermediate[FeII(CN)5NO]3 (which was identified by UV?Vis and EPR), and finally the nitroprusside ion, [Fe(CN)5NO]2. At pHs > 10, the latter ion may convert to [FeII(CN)5NO2]4, and leads to [FeII(CN)5H2O]3 through the release of nitrite. Thus, the aqua-ion might afford a new 4-electron oxidation process if HU and the external oxidant were in excess.