INSTITUTO DE QUIMICA, FISICA DE LOS MATERIALES, MEDIOAMBIENTE Y ENERGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Disproportionation of O-Methylhydroxylamine Catalyzed by Aquapentacyanoferrate(II)
MARÍA M. GUTIÉRREZ, JOSÉ A. OLABE, VALENTÍN T. AMOREBIETA
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Lugar: Washngton; Año: 2011 vol. 50 p. 8817 - 8817
Abstract. The aquapentacyanoferrate(II) ion, [FeII(CN)5H2O]3, catalyses the disproportionation reaction of O-methylhydroxylamine, NH2OCH3, with the stoichiometry: 3NH2OCH3 ® NH3 + N2 + 3CH3OH. Kinetic and spectroscopic evidence support an initial N-coordination of NH2OCH3 to [FeII(CN)5H2O]3, followed by a homolytic scission leading to radicals [FeII(CN)5·NH2]3 (a precursor of Fe(III) centers and bound NH3) and free methoxyl, CH3O·, thus establishing a radical path leading to N-methoxyamino (·NHOCH3) and 1,2-dimethoxyhydrazine, (NHOCH3)2. The latter species is moderately stable, and is proposed to be the precursor of N2 and most of the generated CH3OH. Intermediate [FeIII(CN)5L]2 complexes (L = NH3, H2O), form dinuclear cyano-bridged mixed-valent species, affording a catalytic substitution of the L ligands promoted by [FeII(CN)5L]3. Free or bound NH2OCH3 may act as reductants of [FeIII(CN)5L]2, thus regenerating active sites. At increasing concentrations of NH2OCH3 a coordinated diazene species emerges, [FeII(CN)5N2H2]3, which is consumed by the oxidizing CH3O·, giving N2 and CH3OH. Another side reaction forms [FeII(CN)5N(O)CH3]3, an intermediate containing the nitrosomethane ligand, which is further oxidized to the nitroprusside ion, [FeII(CN)5NO]2. The latter is a final oxidation product, with a significant conversion of the initial [FeII(CN)5H2O]3 complex. The side reaction partially blocks the Fe(II)-aqua active site, though complete inhibition is not achieved because the radical path evolves faster than the formation rates of the FeII-NO+ bonds.