CIC   05421
CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES CARDIOVASCULARES "DR. HORACIO EUGENIO CINGOLANI"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
A Biochemical Framework for SLC4A11, the Plasma Membrane Protein Defective in Corneal Dystrophies
Autor/es:
GONZALO L. VILAS, PATRICIO E. MORGAN, SAMPATH K. LOGANATHAN, ANITA QUON, AND JOSEPH R. CASEY
Revista:
BIOCHEMISTRY
Editorial:
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Referencias:
Año: 2011 vol. 50 p. 2157 - 2169
ISSN:
0006-2960
Resumen:
Mutations in the SLC4A11 protein, reported as a sodium-coupled borate transporter of the human plasma membrane, are responsible for three corneal dystrophies (CD): congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy type 2, Harboyan syndrome, and late-onset Fuch¬ís CD. To develop a rational basis to understand these diseases, whose point mutations are found throughout theSLC4A11 sequence, we analyzed the protein biochemically. Hydropathy analysis and an existing topology model for SLC4A1 (AE1), a bicarbonate transporter with the lowest evolutionary sequence divergence from SLC4A11, formed the basis to propose an SLC4A11 topology model. Immunofluorescence studies revealed the cytosolic orientation of N- and C-termini of SLC4A11.Limited trypsinolysis of SLC4A11 partially mapped the folding of the membrane and cytoplasmic domains of the protein. The binding of SLC4A11 to a stilbenedisulfonate inhibitor resin (SITS-Affi-Gel) was prevented by preincubation with H2DIDS, with a significantly higher half-maximal effective concentration than AE1. We conclude that  stilbenedisulfonates interact with SLC4A11 but with a lower affinity than other SLC4 proteins. Disease-causing mutants divided into two classes on the basis of the half-maximal [H2DIDS]  required for resin displacement and the fraction of protein bindingH2DIDS, likely representing mildly misfolded and grossly misfolded proteins. Disease-causing SLC4A11 mutants are retained in the endoplasmic reticulum of HEK 293 cells. This phenotype could be partially rescued in some cases by growing the cells at 30 C.