INVESTIGADORES
ZAGARESE Horacio Ernesto
artículos
Título:
Temporal and spatial variability of turbidity in a highly productive and turbid shallow lake (Chascomús, Argentina) using a long time-series of Landsat and Sentinel-2 data
Autor/es:
GAYOL, MAIRA PATRICIA; DOGLIOTTI, ANA INÉS; LAGOMARSINO, LEONARDO; ZAGARESE, HORACIO ERNESTO
Revista:
HYDROBIOLOGIA
Editorial:
SPRINGER
Referencias:
Año: 2024
ISSN:
0018-8158
Resumen:
This work aims to study the spatio-temporal variability of turbidity in Lake Chascomús using 34 years (1987–2020) of Landsat (TM, ETM + , and OLI) and Sentinel-2-MSI optical data and to understand this variability in terms of environmental variables. A semi-analytical algorithm, using reflectance in the red and near-infrared bands, was calibrated for Landsat and Sentinel-2 bands and tested using in situ turbidity measurements. The best performance was found using only the near-infrared band with 12.84% median accuracy and -12.84% bias when comparing in situ radiometric measurements and field data. When satellite-derived turbidity was compared to in situ values, the median accuracy was 31.8% and the bias 13.22%. Monthly climatological turbidity maps revealed spatial heterogeneity in Lake Chascomús, with differences observed between the north-west and south-east regions, particularly in summer and winter. Turbidity showed marked seasonal dynamics, with a minimum in autumn and a maximum in spring. Annual climatological turbidity maps showed significant inter-annual variability. Generalized linear models showed turbidity was positively associated with wind speed and photosynthetic active radiation (26.2% of the variability explained). Remote sensing was found to be a fundamental complement to traditional field-based methods for monitoring water quality parameters and allowing a better description of their spatio-temporal variability.