VILLAFAÑE virginia Estela
Global change feed-back linking water transparency, mixing, and solar UVR inhibits cyanobacterial photosynthesis
HELBLING, E. W.; BANASZAK, A. T.; VILLAFAÑE, V. E.
Nature Scientific Reports
Nature Publishing group
Año: 2015 vol. 5 p. 1 - 6
e">Cyanobacteria are an important component of aquatic ecosystems, with a proliferation of massive cyanobacterial blooms predicted worldwide under increasing warming conditions. In addition to temperature, other global change related variables, such as water column stratifiation, increases in dissolved organic matter (DOM) discharge into freshwater systems and greater wind stress (i.e., more opaque and mixed upper water column/epilimnion) might also affct the responses of cyanobacteria. However, the combined effcts of these variables on cyanobacterial photosynthesis remain virtually unknown. Here we present evidence that this combination of global-change conditions results in a feed-back mechanism by which, flctuations in solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR, 280?400 nm) due to vertical mixing within the epilimnion act synergistically with increased DOM to impair cyanobacterial photosynthesis as the water column progressively darkens. The main consequence of such a feedback response is that these organisms will not develop large blooms in areas of latitudes higher than 30°, in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, where DOM inputs and surface wind stress are increasing.