Predicting Dissolved Organic Matter Lability and Carbon Accumulation in Temperate Freshwater Ecosystems
BASTIDAS NAVARRO, MARCELA; SCHENONE, LUCA; MARTYNIUK, NICOLÁS; VEGA, EVELYN; MODENUTTI, BEATRIZ; BALSEIRO, ESTEBAN
ECOSYSTEMS (NEW YORK. PRINT)
Año: 2021 p. 1 - 17
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) dynamics influence aquatic ecosystem metabolism with ecological and biogeochemical effects. During microbial degradation, certain DOM molecules accumulate in the environments constituting the residual refractory carbon (C) pool that has a key role in the global carbon cycle in lakes and oceans. The present study aims to model the factors driving bacterial C-consumption, thus predicting the potential residual carbon accumulation. We developed mechanistic models to represent bacterial C-consumption, considering the contribution of DOM quality and phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) concentrations in the total carbon pool. Based on 59 different environments, we established DOM components and nutrient concentration for deep lakes, shallow lakes, high-altitude lakes, and wetlands from North-Andean Patagonian glacial lake district (around 41°S). We applied Bayesian methods to estimate model parameters from laboratory C-lability experiments performed in 26 environments. We tested the statistically predictive accuracy of our models with an external dataset consisting of C-lability experiments with natural lake water enriched with organic matter from different sources. We found a model that performed excellently in both fit to training data and prediction to external experiments. The selected model showed that an increase in P concentration stimulates C-consumption, and an increase in the proportion of DOM protein-like compounds reduces the amount of residual C. Based on the statistically predictive accuracy, we showed that our model is very useful to anticipate C-accumulation due to changes in the inputs to water bodies.