HEGEL Pablo Ezequiel
Fatty acids recovery from vegetable oil wet sludge by supercritical alcoholysis
G. SOTO; A. VELEZ; P. HEGEL; S. PEREDA
JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2013 vol. 79 p. 62 - 66
In the last decade the production of soybean and sunflower oil has greatly increased worldwide. Together with it, the market of the oil refining by-products, phospholipids sludge (wet gum) and distillates of the deodorizer (DDEO) is rapidly changing. In this work, we performed the direct alcoholysis of the phospholipids and oil enclosed in the wet gum using supercritical ethanol. A statistical design of experiments was carried out to determine the effect of temperature (280 -320 ºC), ethanol concentration (50-80 wt.%), reaction time (20 - 50 min) and water content (51-2.4 wt.%). In all the cases a complete conversion of the lipids was observed. After removal of volatile compounds, the reaction product contained a hexane insoluble solid substrate (around 25%) and an oily phase with more than 50 wt% of fatty esters.