ESTRADA Vanina Gisela
congresos y reuniones científicas
Bioethanol from cianobacteria. Metabolic network optimization by mathematical modelling
PAULO, C. I.; ESTRADA, V.; DÍAZ, M. S.
San Pedro, San Pablo, Brasil
Congreso; 2nd Pan American Congress on Plants and Bioenergy; 2010
Society of Botany of São Paulo (SBSP), American Society of Plant Biology (ASPB)
The most common renewable fuel is ethanol derived from corn grain and sugar cane. The use of lignocellulosic biomass is an attractive alternative, as second generation pathways for bioethanol production. On the other hand, third generation biofuels are obtained through algae. Cyanobacteria are an abundant and diverse group of ancient autotrophic prokaryotes that perform oxygenic photosynthesis. Cyanobacteria live in freshwater, marine and terrestrial environments and show a wide diversity of morphologies, metabolisms and cell structures, they have several features that make them attractive to obtain commercial interest products in pharmaceutical, biofuels, and other industries. They reach high cellular densities in culture and have simple growth requirements: light, carbon dioxide, and other inorganic nutrients to growth. Few authors have studied ethanol production from cyanobacteria. Ethanol production through cyanobacteria allows the coupling of energy production with the capture of industrial carbon dioxide emissions to reduce greenhouse gasses pollution, without competing with food production. However, current reported ethanol yields still require improvement to make this technology economically attractive. For cost-effective production of ethanol, the metabolic pathways involved in its generation must be engineered and optimized. Advances in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology based on gene sequence, biochemical and physiological data availability in public databases with the constant improvement of the mathematical tools can help to accelerate the development of desired phenotypes for the production of economically viable biofuels. In this work, we formulate a mixed-integer linear programming model in which binary variables have been associated to the existence or not of each reaction path. This is in turn associated to gene addition and/or knockouts in the metabolic network for the recombinant cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803 to maximize ethanol production, while maximizing biomass growth. The model includes more than 800 reactions from the glycolysis, the pentose phosphate pathway, citric acid cycle and Calvin cycle, and gene insertions corresponding to pyruvate decarboxylase (pdc) and alcohol dehydrogenase II (adhII) from obligately fermentative Zymomonas mobilis into Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 under the control of the strong light driven psbAII promoter, which allows ethanol production under light conditions. The model has been implemented in GAMS and solved with CPLEX. Numerical results provide useful insights on understanding of cellular metabolism as well as designing of metabolic engineering strategies for ethanol production using carbon dioxide as carbon source and it can be seen that under photoutotrophic growth, the fermentation pathway has nonzero rates showing that the engineered microorganism is able to make photosynthesis and fermentation at the same time.