ORDANO Mariano Andres
Phylogenetic analysis of interspecific variation in nectar of hummingbird-visited plants.
JUAN FRANCISCO ORNELAS; MARIANO ORDANO; ARTURO J DE NOVA; MARÍA ESTHER QUINTERO; THEODORE GARLAND
JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Oxford, UK; Año: 2007 vol. 20 p. 1904 - 1904
We tested whether phylogeny, flower size and/or altitude were significant predictors of interspecific variation in nectar production of hummingbird visited plants in an assembled database (289 species, in 22 orders, 56 families and 131 genera). Although the study is focused on hummingbird-pollinated plants (241 plant species), plants with different pollinator syndromes (48 species) are also included in the analyses. Nectar volume secreted in a given time period (usually 24 h) by a given flower, its sugar concentration and corolla length were compiled mainly from the literature. Altitude was also obtained from the original references. Sugar production was computed basically as the product of nectar secretion and sugar concentration, and expressed on a per 24-h basis. All nectar traits and corolla length (all log transformed), as well as altitude, showed statistically significant phylogenetic signal. Both nonphylogenetic and phylogenetically informed (independent contrasts) analyses indicated a highly significant positive correlation between corolla length and both nectar volume and sugar production. In addition, altitude (which is partially a surrogate for temperature) was significantly negatively correlated with both sugar concentration and production. Possible reasons for coadaptation of nectar production and sugar production with corolla length are discussed.