OMARINI Alejandra Beatriz
Essential oils from Dysphania ambrosioides and Tagetes minuta enhance the toxicity of a conventional insecticide against Alphitobius diaperinus
ARENA, JULIETA S.; OMARINI, ALEJANDRA B.; ZUNINO, MARÍA PAULA; PESCHIUTTA, MARÍA LAURA; DEFAGÓ, MARÍA TERESA; ZYGADLO, JULIO A.
Industrial Crops and Products
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2018 vol. 122 p. 190 - 190
The darkling beetle Alphitobius diaperinus is one of the most common pests in poultry farms, with its occurrencecausing several problems including the dispersion of pathogenic microorganisms, injuries and stress in birds, aswell as structural damage to the facilities. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical composition ofessential oils (EOs) from Dysphania ambrosioides and Tagetes minuta, and to determine their contact toxicity aloneand in combination with cypermethrin against adults of A. diaperinus. The main components of the EOs wereascaridole, p-cymene and carvacrol in D. ambrosioides oil, and dihydrotagetone, cis-ocimenone, trans-tagetoneand trans-β-ocimene in T. minuta oil. The EOs from both plants showed a high contact activity, while cypermethrinwas slightly toxic to the insect when applied alone. The toxicity of D. ambrosioides oil was six times better than that of T. minuta oil, and more than fifty times more effective than cypermethrin. When cypermethrin was applied in combination with the EOs at low concentrations, the toxicity of this insecticide increased significantly. As the EOs studied have interesting properties against A. diaperinus, their use could be considered in new strategies for pest management.