NUÑEZ martin Andres
Preformation, neoformation, and shoot structure in Nothofagus dombeyi (Nothofagaceae)
PUNTIERI, J. G. SOUZA, M. S. BARTHELEMY, D. BRION, C. NUÑEZ, M. A. MAZZINI, C.
CANADIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY
Año: 2000 vol. 78 p. 1044 - 1054
Buds in different positions along trunk, main branch, secondary branch, and short branch parent shoots of young Nothofagus dombeyi (Mirb.) Blume trees were dissected, and the number of organs of their rudimentary shoots was counted. Bud contents were compared with the number of organs of sibling shoots developed in positions equivalent to those of the dissected buds. Cataphyll number was relatively constant for all buds. The number of green leaf primordia differentiated in each bud depended both on the position of the bud on the parent shoot and on the size of the parent shoot. Sibling shoots derived distally from large parent shoots had more nodes than the rudimentary shoots of buds in a similar position. Proximal sibling shoots derived from large parent shoots and all sibling shoots derived from small parent shoots are entirely preformed. In N. dombeyi, the size gradient of the sibling shoots derived from a particular parent shoot relates mostly to variation in organ preformation, organ neoformation, and internode extension. The expression of each of these sources of variation is related to the position of the sibling shoot on the parent shoot and on the position of the parent shoot on the tree. Consideration is given to the role of environmental conditions on tree development, in view of the species´ morphogenetic gradients.